Kanderviadukt

 

Solutions & Technologies

A new life for an emblematic structure: The Kanderviadukt was stabilised using a protective coat of Ductal®.

 

Description

Built in 1911 at Frutigen, on the Lötschberg line, the Kanderviadukt is an emblematic structure in the valley. This stone masonry bridge, 274 m long, acts as a link between the north and south of Europe for the transport of people and goods.

 

Challenge

During regular inspections of the structure, it was discovered that the polymer bitumen sealing (PBD), applied sixty years before, was no longer able to protect the structure against water infiltration resulting in the first damage to be suffered by the bridge. A new protection was required in order to guarantee its integrity for the coming decades. The engineering company in charge of this project therefore proposed a like-for-like replacement of the PBD coat as well as a variant in Ductal® ultra-high performance fibre-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC).

 

Performances

The extremely dense matrix of Ductal® Overlay solution not only guarantees that the 30 mm layer poured onto the bridge is completely waterproof, but has a very high mechanical performance thus avoiding the need to protect the sealing layer. As the installation of UHPFRC is only marginally dependent on weather conditions, execution lead times, very important in the rail transport sector, may be guaranteed and the total duration of projects is often shortened. The durability of the material avoids the need to replace the sealing up to the end of the life of the supporting structure which reduces maintenance costs and costs associated with line closures.

 

Application

30 mm of Ductal® was poured onto the whole of the upper section of the trough. A liquid formulation was used to fill the edge formwork while a firmer formulation, taking the slope into account, was poured onto the deck and the horizontal section at the top of the edging pieces. The whole of the exposed part of the bridge was thus protected against water infiltration. The condition of the supporting concrete was significantly worse than predicted, but the Ductal® Overlay solution enabled the work to be finished on time, especially with the whole of the horizontal surface being poured in a single day. Pouring in a single step in this way also avoided having joins in the section where water runs off into the drainage systems.

 

Optimization

For a structure on such a scale, the question of cost is clearly high on the agenda. The UHPFRC solution provides a more durable structure and limits the need for future maintenance work. The ability to guarantee deadlines was also a determining factor in the project owner's choice, all the more so since the Ductal® UHPFRC variant studied added only 1% to the total cost of the project. This type of project allows project owners to use the properties of UHPFRC to best advantage, to limit costs over the lifetime of the structure and limit the impact on the user by reducing the time needed for closures due to the works.

Discover our projects

 

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Deformation of the concrete rolling surface, structural deficit in terms of puncture resistance, sloping terrain (5% gradient) ... the equation to be solved for the repair of the covered car park at the Saas-Fee ski resort was arduous. Ductal® took up the challenge and developed an innovative product meeting all these constraints.

 

Commodore Barry Bridge

The Commodore Barry Bridge spans over the Delaware River from Chester PA to Bridgeport NJ. Originally constructed in 1969 and named after the Revolutionary War Hero from Philadelphia John Barry. This bridge is a cantilever truss bridge which was commonly built during those times.

 

Chillon Viaducts

The Chillon Viaducts have been reinforced by an Overlay of Ductal® UHPC. Thanks to its mechanical characteristics and its durability properties, Ductal® was the only material able to provide an efficient retrofitting preserving the bearing capacity of the bridge, a lower maintenance cost and a quick retro commissioning of an important axis of the Swiss highway network. The two Chillon Viaducts are among the most spectacular infrastructure works of the Swiss highway network. Ductal® was prescribed for the reinforcement of the two decks (2.2 km long by 12 m wide each). The implementation of thin layer of Ductal® (4 cm thick) with rebars, allowed the strengthening of the bridge decks for shear loads, bending, and fatigue while ensuring the waterproofing of the surface.

 

Zurich Airport railway station

The four tracks of Zurich Airport's underground railway station have been renovated and lowered without interrupting traffic.

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